General Motors Co. reported a 15 per cent drop in second-quarter auto sales on Friday, as a global chip shortage and supply chain disruptions hit production and left nearly 100,000 vehicles waiting for more parts.
The U.S. auto industry is struggling to keep up with pent-up consumer demand for new cars as it struggles to ramp up production due to the chip shortage, a labour crunch and problems related to supply chain logjams.
GM, which lost its crown as the sales leader last year for the first time since 1931 to Toyota, said it sold 582,401 vehicles in the quarter through June versus 688,236 vehicles last year.
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The Detroit automaker, however, is still expected to be the top new vehicle seller in the quarter, according to Cox Automotive, as industry-wide disruptions crimp inventory at other major automakers.
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GM also said it was expecting net income of be between US$1.6 billion and US$1.9 billion in the second quarter. Analyst on average are estimating a profit of US$2.56 billion, according to Refinitiv data. It was not immediately clear if the figures were comparable.
Automakers are set to report U.S. new-vehicle sales for three months through June on Friday and Tuesday.
Toyota has been one of the worst hit automakers this year as chip shortages and China’s COVID-19 lockdowns – which have impacted other automakers as well – forced it to repeatedly cut production, casting a cloud over its full-year production targets.
Toyota – along with Stellantis, Hyundai Motor Co., Honda Motor Co. and Nissan Motor Co Ltd. – is set to report a decline in quarterly sales, except Ford, according to data from Cox and TrueCar.
Cox officials said Ford, which reports June sales on Tuesday, has managed its inventories better than most others and is also recovering from last year’s struggles.
Tesla Inc. will be the only major brand to increase sales in the first half of the year, Cox said.
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Industry observers are concerned about the potential impact of a multi-decade high inflation and rising gas prices on the auto industry, though they point out that demand remains strong at present, an unusual situation.
A bigger impediment to increasing auto sales at present still appears to be industry wide shortages of cars and trucks, which have led to analysts cutting their full-year sales forecasts.
“A recovery in vehicle production in 2022 seems highly unlikely at this point,” auto industry consultant Edmunds’ executive director of insights Jessica Caldwell said.
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